Conf. Proc. IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Soc. (2011), 1001-1004 [DOI: 10.1109/IEMBS.2011.6090232]
Breath gas analysis for estimating physiological processes using anesthetic monitoring as a prototypic example
Julian King, Karl Unterkofler, Susanne Teschl, Anton Amann, and Gerald Teschl
Analysis of exhaled trace gases is a novel methodology for gaining continuous and non-invasive information on the clinical state of an individual. This paper serves to explore some potential applications of breath gas analysis in anesthesia, describing a monitoring scheme for target site concentrations and cardiac output via physiological modeling and real-time breath profiles of the anesthetic agent. The rationale given here is mainly simulation-based, however, the underlying concepts are directly applicable to a routine clinical setting.