**Ann. Mat. Pura Appl. 191, 631-676 (2012)**[DOI: 10.1007/s10231-011-0200-7]

## Abstract Wave Equations and Associated Dirac-Type Operators

### Fritz Gesztesy, Jerome A. Goldstein, Helge Holden, and Gerald Teschl

*G*associated with abstract damped wave equations of the type

_{A,R}*u*in some Hilbert space

^{⋅⋅}+ R u^{⋅}+ A^{*}A u = 0*H*and certain non-self-adjoint Dirac-type operators

_{1}*Q*(away from the nullspace of the latter) in

_{A,R}*H*. The operator

_{1}⊕ H_{2}*Q*represents a non-self-adjoint perturbation of a supersymmetric self-adjoint Dirac-type operator. Special emphasis is devoted to the case where

_{A,R}*0*belongs to the continuous spectrum of

*A*.

^{*}A
In addition to the unitary equivalence results concerning *G _{A,R}* and

*Q*, we provide a detailed study of the domain of the generator

_{A,R}*G*, consider spectral properties of the underlying quadratic operator pencil

_{A,R}*M(z) = |A|*,

^{2}- iz R - z^{2}I_{H1}*z∈ℂ*, derive a family of conserved quantities for abstract wave equations in the absence of damping, and prove equipartition of energy for supersymmetric self-adjoint Dirac-type operators.

The special example where *R* represents an appropriate function of *|A|* is treated in depth and the semigroup growth bound for this example is explicitly
computed and shown to coincide with the corresponding spectral bound for the underlying generator and also with that of the corresponding Dirac-type
operator.

The cases of undamped (*R=0*) and damped (*R ≠ 0*) abstract wave equations as well as the cases *A ^{*} A ≥ ε I_{H1}* for some

*ε > 0*and

*0 ∈ σ (A*(but

^{*}A)*0*not an eigenvalue of

*A*) are separately studied in detail.

^{*}A
** MSC2010:** Primary 35J25, 35L05, 35L15; Secondary 35J40, 35P05, 47A05, 47A10, 47F05.

**Keywords:** *Dirac operators, supersymmetry, wave equations, semigroups, damping terms, quadratic operator pencils.*