On Christianity

An attempt to select the most basic references on Christianity and its opponents, from the huge amount of information on the internet. But click here for my own view.

``Be strong and courageous. Do not be terrified; do not be discouraged, for the Lord your God will be with you wherever you go.''
(Jos. 1:9)

Find out yourself about the Truth by studying the Best from the original sources! Get a more radical faith by learning from the early Church! Become cautious and open-eyed by studying the arguments against Christianity! Learn tolerance, understanding and discernment by reading about Islam, Buddhism, New Age! Find out that the spiritual competition boils with water only!


Know Your God

``You will seek me and find me when you seek with all your heart.''
(Jer. 29:13)

``Let not the wise man boast of his wisdom or the strong man boast of his strength or the rich man boast of his riches, but let him who boasts boast about this: that he understands and knows me, that I am the Lord, who exercises kindness, justice and righteousness on earth, for in these I delight,'' declares the Lord.
(Jer. 9:23-24)


The eightfold way to knowing God (by Lambert Dolphin, a geologist)
``...the majority of people in the world neither know, nor want to know, the living God.''

Does God exist? (by Frans Faase, a computer scientist)
``Those who know God, do not need a proof. Those who reject God, do not want a proof.''

Who is God? (by Robin Olav Vogsland, an engineer)

Wondering About God? (by Willow Creek, a church)

Internet Links to God (by Arnold Neumaier, a mathematician)

The Kingdom of Heaven: Parables for Scientists (by Deborah and Loren Haarsma, two physicists)

Alpha and Omega - Gods' Story: From Creation to Eternity (web version of a movie by Jeremiah Films)

How God Manages (by Jesse Brogan, a management scientist)
``There is nobody who manages on their own, the way that God manages. There is no one who could, in a three year effort in a hostile environment, produce an effect which continues after 20 centuries.
If you follow after second raters, and learn from them, you will also become a second rater. If you follow after the Master, and learn from Him - well that's a different story.''

Who is Jesus?

Bible Stories for Kids (to be read with a smiley :-;)


Know the Documents

``All scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.''
(2 Tim. 3:16-17)

``But we have this treasure in jars of clay to show that this all-surpassing power is from God and not from us.''
(2 Cor. 4:7)


World Wide Study Bible (including apocrypha. With commentaries)

Bible Gateway (comprehensive index of online bibles)

Latin-English Parallel New Testament

German-English Parallel Bible

Lutherbibel (German)

Virtual Christianity (bibles in other languages)

3:16 Bible Texts Illuminated (a book by Donald Knuth, a computer scientist)

Acts 17:11 Bible Studies

The Liturgy of the Hours (prayers, psalms and meditation for every hour of every day)

What Jesus said and did
``I hold it on faith that the words of our Lord as recorded in the sacred scriptures hold no lie or distortion. ... What this work does is to extract the witness of Jesus from the scriptures, removing editorial comment and personal interpretations from the written record.''

Who was the Historical Jesus?
``There are as many answers to this question as there are people who are willing to answer it. ... This page is dedicated to giving you the information and resources to decide [for yourself] who the real Jesus was.'' (But remember that historians have a bias, too!)

The Jesus of History

The Historical Jesus

The Jefferson Bible (a subset of the Gospel cleaned from what its author finds unacceptable)

The Gospel According to Jesus (another subset of the Gospel cleaned from what its author finds unacceptable)

The Gospel of Q, a reconstructed pre-Christian Gospel

A reconstruction of the Sayings Source Q

World Without Q, the home page for Q sceptics

The Synoptic Problem (on the literary relationship between the first three gospels of the New Testament)

Atheists for Jesus (Jesus without Christianity)

Let the bible speak (startling quotations from the bible that the muslim Abdul Rahman Dimashkiah finds being satanic, and not revealed by God)

Non-Canonical Documents to Aid Scholars in Biblical Interpretation

Index to Interpreting Ancient Manuscripts

Ancient Hebrew elements in the New Testament

Archaeology and the Bible

The Early Church Fathers
``a 38-volume collection of writings from the first 800 years of the Church''

Guide to Early Church Documents (the church in the first few centuries)

Early Christian Writings

Catholic Answers Tracts By Topic (most tracts contain many quotes from the early Church Fathers)

Early Church On-Line Encyclopedia (ECOLE) of early Church history to the Reformation

Pitts Theology Library, Emory University
with nearly half a million theological books

How Christians Interpret the Bible

Flying Vehicles and Advanced Technology in the Bible
A minority view


Know Yourself

``As for man, his days are like grass, he flourishes like a flower of the field; the wind blows over it and it is gone, and its place remembers it no more.''
(Psalm 103:15-16)

``Who among men knows the thoughts of a man except the man's spirit within him?''
(1 Cor. 2:11)


I can't give links to your personality, but if you find it difficult to communicate with yourself (or with others), try improving your communication skills through Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP), but be careful to discern fact from magical or demonic practice (cf. A word of caution...).

NLP is in my opinion a theory of human communication patterns that has the potential to develop into an exact science. However, this is not a specific Christian reference, some people misuse NLP (just as other psychological techniques, and indeed all science) for very questionable applications, and many NLP practitioners are closely related to New Age.


Know Your Allies

``The joy of the Lord is our strength.''
(Neh. 8:10)


Facets of Religion, commented links to historical documents of the Church, the various confessions, and modern Christian practice (by Armin Müller, a biologist)

Christian Classics Ethereal Library (Classic Christian books in electronic format)

Resources for Spiritual Seekers (a list of books recommended by the Willow Creek Association)

soc.religion.christian FAQs (a list of links to topical FAQs) and their short FAQ (but still 141K long) give a vivid overview of the range of views on controversial questions under the roof termed Christianity

Christian Resources (by Steven Schimmrich, a geologist)

Christian Humor

My collection of Challenging Essays on the Web

My collection of Home Pages by Christians (some of these contain very good thoughts!)

My collection of Other Christian Resource Lists, and Christian Links in German Language


Not Necessarily Allies, But...

``Whoever is not against us is for us.''
(Mark 9:40)


The talk.origins Archive (science and creation, witchrist/creation.html h challenging FAQs)

Creation `Science' (the creationist perspective)

International Fellowship of Christians and Jews

Torah and Tanach (or Tanakh) (the Jewish bible)

Masorti: Torah & News (conservative Jewish)

What Do the Scriptures Say About the Messiah? (by the Congregation Yeshuat Yisrael)

Jews for Jesus ``... in the late 1960s there was a move of the Holy Spirit whereby thousands of cause-oriented Jewish young people came to believe in Jesus. When they became Christians they refused to reject their Jewish heritage; rather, in Christ they discovered the meaning of their own Jewishness.''

Jewish FAQ (From Section 17: ``Is belief in Jesus-as-God compatible with any Jewish movements? No, the belief in Jesus-as-God is idolatry for Jews.'')

Jewish Arguments Refuting Christian Ministries

Freemasonry FAQ

The World of Freemasonry

Who's Who in the History of Mysticism

Mysticism in World Religions

The Varieties of Religious Experience (by William James)


Know Your Opponents

``He who is not with me is against me, and he who does not gather with me scatters.''
(Matth. 12:30)

``If God is for us, who will be against us?''
(Romans 8:31)


If you speak against other beliefs, you should at least know a fairly undistorted view of their thoughts and arguments. Just as you want your faith to be judged from the best perspective, so find the perspective from which your opponent's views look strongest.

``Do not judge, or you too will be judged. For in the same way as you judge others, you will be judged, and with the measure you use, it will be measured to you.''
(Matth. 7:1-2)

``When the wheat sprouted and formed ears, then the weeds also appeared. The servants asked [the owner], do you want us to go and pull them up? No, he answered, because while you are pulling the weeds, you may root up the wheat with them. Let both grow together until the harvest.''
(from Matth. 13, 26-30)


General

``What may be known about God is plain [to all men], because God has made it plain to them. For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualities - his eternal power and divine nature - have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse.''
(Rom. 1:19-20)


Religions of the World
with descriptions of 20 religions, and lots of material related to religious (in)tolerance; very recommended reading!
``This home page is very different from many other religious WWW sites on the Internet: It does not promote a specific faith or religious viewpoint. It does not attack all religions as an "opiate of the masses". Instead, we: promote the understanding and tolerance of minority religions; expose religious hatred and misinformation; supply information on controversial religious topics so that you can reach your own decisions.''

World Religion Resources, a commented list

The Ancient Wisdom Home Page (extensive quotations from a huge number of diverse ancient sources)

Publications of Peace and Of Great Souls
Source texts from many centuries of religious thought in many cultures, including our own

Pannir's Spiritual Links
``... all religions, under whatever name they may be called, either Hindu, Buddhist, Islam, or Christian, have the same God, and he who derides any one of these derides his own God.''

A Course in Spiritual Discernment
``Have lost faith in religious institutions or doctrines, but deeply remain God-loving and inwardly feels Truth can still be found in the Church or Temple within you?''

Psychology of Religion Pages

Dark Powers: The Pathology of Belief and Persuasion


Atheism/Freethought

``The man without the Spirit does not accept the things that come from the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him, and he cannot understand them, because they are spiritually discerned.''
(1 Cor. 2;14)


The Freethought Web: Historical Documents
still under construction, will include, a.o., documents by Charles Darwin, Thomas Hobbes, David Hume, Thomas Jefferson, John Locke, Thomas Paine, Ernest Renan, Bertrand Russell, Voltaire

Atheism in History

Atheism pro and con (links by Jeff Lowder, an agnostic)
Really interesting!

Freethought: Links

How to Create a Universe
Instructions for an Apprentice God

Atheism Quotations
``How to trap an atheist: Serve him a fine meal, then ask him if he believes there is a cook.''

The Contemporary Debate on the Resurrection (by Jeff Lowder, an agnostic)
``Both sides in the contemporary debate over the resurrection assume that the "material" interpretation of the resurrection is the only possible interpretation of the resurrection. Moreover, most participants avoid the issue of background probability, and make arguments about miracles that presuppose their world view. Finally, there are serious flaws in the arguments advanced by both sides. And even if those flaws were corrected, the arguments would still not constitute a strong apologetic for the resurrection. On the basis of the available evidence (and the arguments I've seen), I conclude that a rational person may accept or reject the resurrection.''

Bible Contradictions (lots of essay by different people; for example Mistakes of Jesus (by William Floyd)

Walk Away from Fundamentalism
''I myself was once a fundamentalist Christian and understand first-hand the psychological damage that can result from the close-mindedness, black-and-white thinking, controlling behavior, and anti-intellectual bent that characterizes fundamentalism.
We are not an anti-Christian or anti- religion organization. Our goal is to offer support and resources to those who are trying to leave an oppressive affiliation (albeit intellectual, psychological, or physical) with fundamentalism.''

Leaving Christianity

EX-TIAN Stories of some former Christians turned atheist

Losing Faith In Faith: From Preacher To Atheist (a book by Dan Barker), and my comments on it

An Introduction to Atheism (considerate)

The Atheist Manifesto (aggressive)

Religion, Philosophy, and Downright Blasphemy (by Rich Daniel)

Kristian Kooks (agressive)

"Thank God I'm an Atheist" (by Eddy)

The `Real' Historical Origin of Christianity (by David Donnini)

Satire Against Christianity (some entries make you think or smile; others let you feel how it is to be the object of bad jokes; some entries have titles that I preferred not to try...)

Kooks and Quacks of the Roman Empire: a look into the world of the gospels (by Richard Carrier)

Why I Don't Buy the Resurrection Story (by Richard Carrier)

Alt.Atheism FAQ
Why alt.atheism exists
``Some hold that the newsgroup was created by some sort of elder creator. He saw that there was darkness upon the face of the net, so he created a posting in alt.config suggesting that there should be a newsgroup alt.atheism. For five days he created articles discussing the newsgroup, then on the sixth day he created the newsgroup itself, with the assistance of some daemons. On the seventh day he rested, and looked at the newsgroup, and saw that it was good.
Others hold that the newsgroup came about through random chance. It began as a mail message accidentally created by a system process, which (over the course of hundreds of thousands of bounces and millions of CPU cycles) evolved into a Usenet control message. Some forked copies of the mail message created newsgroups like "alp.arbghhh" and "prqa.dne.auvheism", but the forces of natural selection ensured that these groups were unpopular, and soon died out. Eventually, after many years, "alt.atheism" took over as their natural successor.''


Islam

Qur'an

Sahih Bukhari
``Bukhari's collection is recognized by the majority of the Muslim world to be one of the most authentic collections of the Sunnah of the Prophet.''

Introduction to the Articles and Pillars of Islam

What is Islam?

Islam - General Resources and Directories

Islam FAQs

Sufi Traditions (Islam mystics)

Mevlevi Sufi Tradition and Sufi-related Resources

What the Qur'an says about the bible (by William Campbell)

Muslims, Jews and Christians (41K)

Christ in Islam (136K)

Muhammad `quoted' in the bible (42K)

Women in Islam versus Women in the Judaeo-Christian Tradition
``To label the status of women in the Muslim world today as "Islamic" is as far from the truth as labelling the position of women in the West today as "Judaeo-Christian". With this understanding in mind, Muslims and non-Muslims should start a process of communication and dialogue in order to remove all misconceptions, suspicions, and fears.''

Islamic Resources

Themes for the Diligent, explaining Christianity to muslims (by Nicola Yacoub Ghabril)
`` I have followed a method suited to any reasonable Muslim, and no honourable seeker will disapprove of it. It is to furnish, whenever possible, proofs from the Qur'an and the Traditions, as well as from history, because these carry more weight with the Muslim.''

Christian Answers to Islam (by Jochen Katz, a mathematician)
``In the dialog with Muslims over the last few years, I have discovered that most of them are severely misinformed about the Christian faith, about the contents of the Bible and about the historic development of the Christian and Jewish Holy Scriptures. Most of these misconceptions are just pure ignorance because nobody has ever told them otherwise. They just have never been exposed to true Christian teaching.''

Is the Qur`an the word of God?

Jihad in the West, Muslim Conquests from the 7th to the 21st Centuries

Documenting the Persecution of Christians in the Islamic World

Are Christians Persecuted in the Middle East? (the Islamic answer is No!)

Truth, Love, and Newness of Life (Why Muslims become Christians)

Stories of New Muslims (conversions to Islam)

Der Islam (German)


Buddhism

An Introduction to Buddhism (Theravada "school of the elders" tradition)

Questions And Answers On Buddhism

Zen Buddhist Texts

Zen FAQs (from Zen@SunSite)

Buddhist Studies WWW Virtual Library

Christian-Buddhist Dialogue


Hinduism

Bhagavad Gita (the most widely read of the Hindu religious scriptures)

FAQ on Spirituality by Sri Swami Sivananda

Jesus, a hinduistic perspective (by Sri Swami Sivananda)

Hare Krishna Philosophy and Culture

Mother Meera


New Age

``Do not learn to imitate the detestable ways of the nations there. Let no-one be found among you who sacrifices his son or daughter in the fire, who practices divination or sorcery, interprets omens, engages in witchcraft, or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead. Anyone who does these things is detestable to the Lord ... You must be blameless before the Lord our God.''
(Deut. 18:9-13)


New Age Spirituality

New Age Links (European mirror site of Spirit-WWW)

Astrology FAQ

Critical Studies on Astrology from Kjetil's Skeptic Page

Zaubertricks entschlüsselt (deciphering magic tricks, in German)

The Fringes of Reason

New Age, a skeptic view

Jesus and Christ in the New Age Movement

Christians Overcoming the New Age


Cults

``The spirit of the Sovereign Lord is on me, because the Lord has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners...''
(Isaiah 61:1)


Resource Center for Freedom of Mind

Avoiding Abuses and Pitfalls Along the Path (by Steven Hassan and Lama Surya Das)
``I also strongly recommend that periodically - at least once or twice each year - a "vacation" be taken to step out of your environment and "reality test." Ask yourself: When I started doing "x" what were my goals? What were my expectations? Where did I think I would be in one year? Five years, Ten years? If I knew then (at the beginning of "x") what I know now, would I still do "x"? If not, why not? What would you do differently? If I hadn't done "x," what would I have likely done? Also, if I had a magic wand and I could be doing now what I really would like to do, what would that be?''

Information about Destructive Cults (by Teodor Väänänen)

Christian Cults

Watchtower (official web site of Jehova's Witnesses)

Pioneers of Jehovah's Witnesses

Free Minds Inc. (watchers over the Jehovah's Witnesses)

Unification Church (the official site of the Moonies)

Scientology (the official site)

$cientology (a critical view with comprehensive links)

Ex-Scientologists accounts

Die Macht Satans


Other

Asian Religions Archives (Hassidism, Hinduism, Shamanism, Sufism, Taoism)

More Religion (by Gerben Vos, a computer scientist)

Religion and Spirituality (by Cosma Rohilla Shalizi and Mitchell Porter, two physicists)


Know Your Goal

``Be perfect, as your heavenly father is perfect.''
(Matth. 5:46)


``... the pagans run after all these things, and your heavenly father knows that you need them. But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well.''
(Matth. 6:32-33)
The Kingdom of Heaven

``You are the light of the world. A city on a hill cannot be hidden. Neither do people light a lamp and put it under a bowl. Instead they put it on its stand, and it gives light to everyone in the house. In the same way, let your light shine before men, that they may see your good deeds and praise your Father in heaven.''
(Matth. 5:14)
The Role of Modesty

``Do you not know that in a race all the runners run, but only one gets the prize? Run in such a way as to get the price. Everyone who competes in the game goes into strict training.They do it to get a crown that will not last, but we do it to get a crown that will last for ever. Therefore I do not run like a man running aimlessly; I do not fight like a man beating the air. No, I beat my body and make it my slave so that after I have preached to others, I myself will not be disqualified for the prize.''
(1 Cor. 9:24-27)
Practice Singleness of Purpose, but don't forget that you may die before you succeed. Choose eternal goals to avoid that.

``God is actually far from any of us; as someone has said: In him we live and move and exist''
(Acts 17:27-28)
I was there...

``It is God's will that you should be sanctified; that you should avoid sexual immorality...''
(1 Thess. 4:3)
Divorce and Your Faith (The collector of these links writes - in another context - ``I need to remember to pray less for God to bless my work and more to be part of the work God is blessing.'')
Fighting in Marriage

``I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in, I needed clothes and you clothed me, I was sick and you looked after me, I was in prison and you came to visit me.''
(Matth. 25:35-36)
Letters From Prison
Prison Fellowship International
Links to Prison-Related Websites

``For waging war you need guidance, and for victory many advisors.''
(Prov. 24:6)
Biblical Direction for Life's Challenges
Depression

Death: Will of God or human technology? (Christian Guidelines for End-of Life Choices)



Know Some of my Other Pages

``Preach the Word: be prepared in season and out of season; correct, rebuke and encourage --- with great patience and careful instruction. For the time will come when men will not put up with sound doctrine. Instead, to suit their own desires, they will gather around them a great number of teachers to say what their itching ears want to hear. They will turn their ears away from the truth and turn aside to myths.''
(2 Tim. 4:2-4)


Science and Faith
My Views on the Christian Way of Life
Challenging Essays on Christian Life
Links to Christian Resources
Famous Christians
Home Pages of Christians
Christians in Science
Science and Creation
Recreation with a Christian Touch
Gedanken zum Leben als Christ
Christentum Seiten in Deutsch
my home page (http://www.mat.univie.ac.at/~neum, with links to mathematics and science)

Arnold Neumaier (Arnold.Neumaier@univie.ac.at)

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