Mihai Ciucu and Christian Krattenthaler

A factorization theorem for lozenge tilings of a hexagon with triangular holes

(20 pages)

Abstract. In this paper we present a combinatorial generalization of the fact that the number of plane partitions that fit in a 2a x b x b box is equal to the number of such plane partitions that are symmetric, times the number of such plane partitions for which the transpose is the same as the complement. We use the equivalent phrasing of this identity in terms of symmetry classes of lozenge tilings of a hexagon on the triangular lattice. Our generalization consists of allowing the hexagon have certain symmetrically placed holes along its horizontal symmetry axis. The special case when there are no holes can be viewed as a new, simpler proof of the enumeration of symmetric plane partitions.

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