Séminaire Lotharingien de Combinatoire, 84B.43 (2020), 12 pp.

Andrew Elvey Price

Counting Lattice Walks by Winding Angle

Abstract. We address the problem of counting walks by winding angle on the Kreweras lattice, an oriented version of the triangular lattice. Our method uses a new decomposition of the lattice, which allows us to write functional equations characterising a generating function of walks counted by length, endpoint and winding angle. We then solve these functional equations in terms of Jacobi theta functions. By using this result in conjunction with the reflection principle, we count walks confined to a cone of opening angle any multiple of π/3, allowing us to extract asymptotic and algebraic information for these walks. Our method and results extend analogously to three other lattices, including the square lattice and triangular lattice. On the square lattice, most of our results were derived by Timothy Budd in 2017, so the current work can be seen as an extension of Budd's results to the three other lattices that we consider. Budd's method of deducing these results was very different, as it was based on an explicit eigenvalue decomposition of certain matrices counting paths in the lattice.

Received: November 20, 2019. Accepted: February 20, 2020. Final version: April 30, 2020.

The following versions are available: