Séminaire Lotharingien de Combinatoire, B81j (2020), 24 pp.

Michael J. Schlosser

A Noncommutative Weight-Dependent Generalization of the Binomial Theorem

Abstract. A weight-dependent generalization of the binomial theorem for noncommuting variables is presented. This result extends the well-known binomial theorem for q-commuting variables by a generic weight function depending on two integers. For two special cases of the weight function, in both cases restricting it to depend only on a single integer, the noncommutative binomial theorem involves an expansion involving complete symmetric functions, and elementary symmetric functions, respectively. Another special case concerns the weight function to be a suitably chosen elliptic (i.e., doubly-periodic meromorphic) function, in which case an elliptic generalization of the binomial theorem is obtained. The latter is utilized to quickly recover Frenkel and Turaev's elliptic hypergeometric 10V9 summation formula, an identity fundamental to the theory of elliptic hypergeometric series. Further specializations yield noncommutative binomial theorems of basic hypergeometric type.

Received: April 29, 2019. Accepted: May 7, 2019.

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